Philippine National Anthem during the late 1970’s (Marcos regime) to 2010s (Aquino III presidency)

Most TV stations in the Philippines air the Philippine National Anthem when they sign-on and upon they sign-off. This is pursuant to R.A. No. 8491, titled, “Flag and Heraldic Code of the Philippines.” Regarding about this, sections 35 to 38 of this code says:

SECTION 35. The National Anthem is entitled Lupang Hinirang.

SECTION 36. The National Anthem shall always be sung in the national language within or without the country. The following shall be the lyrics of the National Anthem:

Bayang Magiliw, Perlas ng Silanganan, Alab ng Puso sa dibdib mo’y buhay. Lupang Hinirang, duyan ka ng magiting, sa manlulupig di ka pasisiil sa dagat at bundok, sa simoy at sa langit mong bughaw, may dilag ang tula at awit sa paglayang minamahal, ang kislap ng watawat mo’y tagumpay na nagniningning; ang bituin at araw niya, kailan pa may di magdidilim. Lupa ng araw, ng luwalhati’t pagsinta, buhay ay langit sa piling mo. Aming ligaya napag may mang-aapi, ang mamatay nang dahil sayo.

SECTION 37. The performance of the Philippine National Anthem, whether played or sung, shall be in accordance with the musical arrangement and composition of Julian Felipe, as adopted under Commonwealth Act No. 382, and reiterated in Section 13 of Book I of the Administrative Code of 1987, and as made available and distributed by the Department of Education, Culture and Sports. 

SECTION 38. When the National Anthem is played at a public gathering, whether by a band or by singing or both, or reproduced by any means, the attending public shall sing the anthem. The singing must be done with fervor.

As a sign of respect, all persons shall stand at attention and face the Philippine flag, if there is one displayed, and if there is none, they shall face the band or the conductor. At the first note, all persons shall execute a salute by placing their right palms over their left chests. Those in military, scouting, citizens military training and security guard uniforms shall give the salute prescribed by their regulations. The salute shall be completed upon the last note of the anthem.

The anthem shall not be played and sung for mere recreation, amusement or entertainment purposes except on the following occasions:

a) International competitions where the Philippines is the host or has a representative;

b) Local competitions;

c) During the “signing off” and “signing on” of radio broadcasting and television stations; d) Before the initial and last screening of full-length films and before the opening of theater performances; and

e) Other occasions as may be allowed by the Institute.

SECTION 39. All officials and employees of the national and local governments, and any agencies or instrumentalities thereof, including government-owned or controlled corporations, privately-owned entities of offices displaying the national flag and government institutions of learning are hereby directed to comply strictly with the rules prescribed for the rendition of the anthem. Failure to observe the rules shall be a ground for administrative discipline.

The above-mentioned law was signed on February 12, 1998. But even before that, the TV stations already began to air this on their sign-offs and sign-ons, even in 1978. This footage was aired on RPN in that year, while the first part is a news coverage of the network about former Pres. Ferdinand Marcos:

1980s-2010s version:


  • 1980-1985 (aired on BBC-2, MBS-4, GMA-7, RPN-9 and IBC-13): The late dictator Ferdinand and first lady Imelda Romualdez-Marcos raises the flag at the Independence Flagpole, and after the drum roll, the male voice-over says: “Mga kababayan, awitin natin ang ating pambansang awit” and sung by the Mabuhay Singers. (digital quality version, high-quality picture (Standard Picture Mode, Normal Color Temperature 4:3 576i PAL version and high-volume audio sound version without any logos and watermarks) The video clip description was: Lupang Hinirang (C) 1979-1985 Philippine Government
  • 1985-June 1988 (for GMA, RPN and IBC), 1985-1986 (for BBC), September 14, 1986-June 1988 (for ABS-CBN): that TV networks (all owned by the government/its cronies) used a modern-sounding Lupang Hinirang. When the Ferdinand Marcos dictatorship was fell, several television channels were returned to their original owners, and instead used the U.P. Concert Chorus version.
  • June 1988-December 30, 1994 (for ABS-CBN-2, PTV-4, GMA-7, RPN-9 and IBC-13), 1992-December 30, 1994 (for ABC-5 and SBN World TV-21), October 31, 1993-December 30, 1994 (for CTV-31) (produced by Philippine Airlines, arranged by Lucio San Pedro and performed in a Capella Version by the U.P. Concert Chorus) (digital quality version, high-quality picture (Standard Picture Mode, Normal Color Temperature 4:3 576i PAL version and high-volume audio sound version without any logos and watermarks) (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kCWmzbmxk64) The video title was: “A Tribute to the Filipino People by Philippine Airlines”, Performed by University of the Philippines Concert Chorus and Directed by Lucio San Pedro, National Artist. Ang lupang hinirang na pinapakita sa TV nung early 1990’s? yung umpisa may bata na kumakanta. may hawak ata siya na kandila.
    • The original video where most of the footage come from Philippine Airlines’ Television Commercial, “Shining Through” and the music goes the slower version of the lines of the national anthem goes “Bayang Magiliw, Perlas ng Silanganan, Alab ng Puso sa dibdib mo’y buhay. Lupang Hinirang, duyan ka ng magiting, sa manlulupig di ka pasisiil”.  The entire main music of the national anthem goes: “Bayang Magiliw, Perlas ng Silanganan, Alab ng Puso sa dibdib mo’y buhay. Lupang Hinirang, duyan ka ng magiting, sa manlulupig di ka pasisiil sa dagat at bundok, sa simoy at sa langit mong bughaw, may dilag ang tula at awit sa paglayang minamahal, ang kislap ng watawat mo’y tagumpay na nagniningning; ang bituin at araw niya, kailan pa may di magdidilim. Lupa ng araw, ng luwalhati’t pagsinta, buhay ay langit sa piling mo (sa piling mo). Aming ligaya na pag may mang-aapi…ANG MAMATAAAYYY NANGGG DAAAHIIILLL SAYOOO!!!”
  • December 30, 1994-1997 (for ABS-CBN-2, PTV-4, ABC-5, RPN-9, IBC-13, SBN World TV-21, RJTV-29 and CTV-31), December 30, 1994-August 22, 2010 (for GMA-7), August 27, 1995-1997 (for Citynet 27), October 12, 1996-1997 (for Studio 23), November 11, 2005-August 22, 2010 (for QTV-11) (The project was undertaken by the Advertising Foundation of the Philippines with production by ACES under Jun Castro, with the whole production being sponsored by the Bank of the Philippine Islands, performed by Philippine Madrigal Singers and Integrated National Police Orchestra) (digital Super Clear high-quality copy version and high-volume audio sound version without any logos and watermarks) (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ck8todiybXQ)
  • Male voice-over goes “Sa taong sanlibo siyam na raan siyam na pu’t walo, ipagdiriwang natin ang sandaan taong kalayaan, ngayon pa lang, sariwain na natin ang kahulugang ito sa mga titik ng ating Pambansang Awit.” In the video, you can see the “Philippine Centennial” logo designed by Edgardo Santiago and slogan “Kalayaan, Kayamanan ng Bayan” by Joachim Medroso. The rising sun shines its rays over a red and royal blue striped ribbon, twirled to form the figure 100. Underneath are the three stars which are also in the Philippine flag. The slogan aptly states the reason for the nationhood–that indeed, freedom is the true wealth of the nation. The gold “Philippine Centennial” is reversed to frame all elements.
  • (Voiced by Minnie Manahan): “Tayo po ay magsitayo, ilagay ang kanan kamay sa dibdib at awitin natin sabay-sabay ang Pambansang Awit” and the performed by the Philippine Madrigal Singers and the Integrated National Police Orchestra. The tempo is how it should be sung and played as it was originally composed in the March tradition. The main music of the national anthem begins as the ancient map of the Islas de las Filipinas, a golden sunrise at sea to match the Pearl of the Orient line in the Hymn, revolutionary soldiers in rayadillo uniform, General Gregorio del Pilar, the three martyred priests of Cavite or the Gomburza, revolutionary soldiers in a battle scene, a faded glimpse of Old Manila before the Revolution, the Noli Me Tangere cover and its author, Jose P. Rizal, the KKK Banner of Katipunan, it’s Supremo, Andres Bonifacio, General Aguinaldo who at Kawit proclaimed Philippine Independence, an old Filipino flag whose blazing sun is caricatured as a human face, Rizal, Marcelo del Pilar and Mariano Ponce who edited the newspaper “La Solidaridad”, the sewing of the First Philippine Flag in Hong Kong by Marcela Agoncillo, her daughter Lorenza and Josefina Herbosa de Natividad; the Malolos Congress, Rizal’s execution by firing squad at Bagumbayan, and as a finale, a huge Philippine Flag, blown by gentle breeze unfurls to hug the whole screen and at the end of the video it says “Sandaang taong kalayaan ipinagdiriwang ng Bank of the Philippine Islands, saksi sa ating kasayasayan” plus there is a Special Thanks to.

(This was played earlier at the Ayala Land Stockholders’ Meeting.)

  • 1997-1998 (for ABS-CBN-2, Studio 23, PTV-4, ABC-5, RPN-9, IBC-13, SBN-21, RJTV-29 and CTV-31) (digital Super Clear high-quality copy version, Standard Picture Mode, Normal Color Temperature 4:3 576i PAL version and high-volume audio sound version without any logos and watermarks): Ang 1997 version ng Lupang Hinirang kung saan nandoon si dating Pangulong Fidel V. Ramos sa introduction.
  • 1998-2000 (for ABS-CBN and Studio 23), 1998-2003 (for PTV and IBC) (the centennial independence version of the Philippine National Anthem aired on ABS-CBN-2, Studio 23, PTV-4, ABC-5, ZOE TV-11 and IBC-13, the client is Philippine National Centennial Commission, Creative directors WILLA MAGLALANG, GRACE CHONG and MARK FLORES, Account Management by NORBERT PINEDA, PATRICK SISON and TITUS ARCE, Broadcast Production by BETH MOLINA MAQUILING, directed by Vitt Romero, produced by DYR-Alcantara and Production Village Corporation. Team PROVILL: Executive Producer LORNA TABUENA and MARI BUENCAMINO, Line Producer INA LAGMAN, YAYAN CONCEPCION, EMIE RODRIGUEZ and ROSS MISA, PM: CAROLINE FRANCISCO, GINA CHUA and BENG NADRES, Storyboard Artist TANI SANTOS, Supervising Managers JUN GOMEZ, ANA FE MANUEL, CECILE SIA, Technical Manager ANING VIDANES, Studio Manager MANING GARCIA, Catering Manager LOLIT OJAS, Neg Cutter: JUN TUNGOL, In-charge of Editing Studio: LOUIE LAVILLES, Traffic Communications Manager LENI BASCO, Accounting Manager CENG CAPULONG, Chief Electrician BOY CARBONEL, Head Set Man: RITO CAYABO, Transportation Coordinator: EDDIE PAMPILLON, Post Production VIDEOPOST, Colorist JUDE NG, Online Editor JESSICA, Audio by AUDIOPOST, Sound Engineer RONALD DE ASIS, Direk’s Creative Producer Ellen Le Ganda De Guzman, Direk’s Chief Visualizer and Story Consultants Bert Gabiano and Jun De Felipe, Direk’s Staff Ed Bondoc, Greg de Guzman, Bey Vito and Madison Laserna) (digital Super Clear high-quality copy version, Standard Picture Mode, Normal Color Temperature 4:3 576i PAL version and high-volume audio sound version without any logos and watermarks)
    • The flute playing the anthem, the flag is upside down. Meaning the red is on top, a representation of war by the soldiers. After the drum roll, the male voice-over announcer says “Mga kababayan, awitin natin ang Lupang Hinirang, ang Pambansang Awit ng Pilipinas.” The main music of the national anthem begins as the blending of the children’s voices to match the Pearl of the Orient line in the Hymn and led raising of the Philippine Flag with the adult ones show that their patriotism as Filipinos lives on forever, showing the shots of Rizal Monument, the people. While the scenes from the TV commercial of Expo Pilipino titled “Kawit” directed by filmmaker Vittorio Romero and Rizal’s execution by firing squad at Bagumbayan and as a finale, the male voice-over announcer says “Ang watawat at pambansang awit ay sagisag ng ating pagka-Pilipino. Igalang natin at ipagpitagan ang mga ito” with logo of Philippine Centennial plus there is a Special Thanks to.
  • 2000-December 16, 2006 (aired on ABS-CBN-2 and Studio 23) (produced by Star Music, the national anthem music video directed by Mark A. Reyes, V, song re-arranged by Raul Mitra and performed by the 92AD Singers) (digital super clear copy version, plus minus-one version without videoke lyrics soon on YouTube, shot in 16:9 1080i Full High-Definition Digital Video Technology) (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IDrJAlsieLg)
  • June 12, 2003-June 11, 2012 (aired on PTV-4, ABC/TV5, RPN-9 and IBC-13 from 2003 to 2012 and also aired on BEAM TV-31, produced by Office of the Press Secretary, Philippine Information Agency and Philippine Charity Sweepstakes Office) (shot in 16:9 1080i Digital High-Definition Technology)
    • The Philippine Flag waving
    • 1898 Philippine Declaration of Independence
    • Dr. Jose P. Rizal, Andres Bonifacio and Jacinto
    • Presidents of the Philippines
  • August 22, 2010-April 9, 2013 (for GMA-7), August 22, 2010-February 27, 2011 (for QTV-11), February 28, 2011-April 9, 2013 (for GMA News TV-11) (launched at 12 Noon during Party Pilipinas, aired last August 22, 2010) Shot wholly in high-definition (HD) digital video technology, the national anthem is slated to roll on the big screens of SM across the country. It will also be a part of GMA’s sign-on and sign-off messages marking the beginning and end of each day’s broadcast. Renowned film and television director Mark Reyes pitched the historical concept to GMA. “This will hopefully show and remind the younger generation what our heroes went through in history for our freedom. Being part of the network that has played a role in the scheme of history, I am edified to push in an artistic way the Filipinos’ passion for this country,” Reyes said. The GMA project team is composed of cinematographer Ding Achacoso (director of photography), Paul Ticzon (director), Vince Gealogo (co-director), Ingrid Navarro (producer) and cameramen Hanniel Aguilar, Javier Delgado and Paul Arrojado. The whole campaign was spearheaded by the creative team of GMA’s Program Support Department composed of Regie Bautista (VP), Dong Tan (associate creative director), Alex Almario (copy specialist), Dennis Tiu (art director), Hasmin Marable (senior project manager), and Minette Lopez (project manager). The 2010 Lupang Hinirang music video won the Bronze World Medal at the 2011 New York Festivals World’s Best TV Programs and Film Awards in the Music Video category and the Bronze Anvil from the 2011 Anvil Awards by the Public Relations Society of the Philippines (PRSP) in the Public Relations Tool category. This new theatrical version retells Philippine history through a succession of carefully-crafted and awe-inspiring reenactments of historical events from Lapu-Lapu’s victory over Magellan’s troops in the Battle of Mactan to the Filipinos’ peaceful revolt in pursuit of democracy in the 1986 People Power Revolution at EDSA. The new version, which was conceived from the strengthened corporate partnership between GMA Network and SM Cinemas, advances the narration of Philippine history from the standard versions released before. According to director Paul Ticzon, the team went through almost 10 months of meticulous research and preparation to shoot the vignettes. The roster of Kapuso stars who played Philippine historical icons include (in alphabetical order): Aljur Abrenica, Marvin Agustin, Victor Aliwalas, Alvin Aragon, Bea Binene, Iza Calzado, Bodie Cruz, Dingdong Dantes, Gabby and Geoff Eigenmann, Mark Anthony Fernandez, Carlo Gonzalez, Carl Guevarra, Richard Gutierrez, Dion Ignacio, Paolo Paraiso, Enzo Pineda, Rhian Ramos, Marian Rivera, Arthur Solinap, Mike Tan, JC Tiuseco, Dennis Trillo and TJ Trinidad. They are joined by Ogie Alcasid, Heart Evangelista, Eddie Garcia, Jaya Ramsey, Zoren Legaspi, German “Kuya Germs” Moreno, Regine Velasquez, Carmina Villaroel, Jillian Ward; plus News and Public Affairs’ pillars composed of Arnold Clavio, Mike Enriquez, Vicky Morales, Howie Severino, Jessica Soho, and Mel Tiangco.
  • December 16, 2006-June 12, 2011 (aired on ABS-CBN and Studio 23) (directed by Onat Diaz, produced by Star Cinema) (shot in 16:9 1080i Full High-Definition Digital Video Technology) it was launched during the Finale of Pinoy Dream Academy. (Featuring: Dolphy, Vilma Santos-Recto, Charo Santos-Concio, Makisig Morales, Sharon Cuneta, Aga Muhlach, Willie Revillame, Kris Aquino, Piolo Pascual, Susan Roces-Poe, Kim Chiu, Gerald Anderson, Claudine Barretto-Santiago, Judy Anne Santos-Agoncillo, Vhong Navaro, Toni Gonzaga, Diether Ocampo, Kristine Hermosa, Bea Alonzo, John Lloyd Cruz, Anne Curtis, Sam Milby, Boy Abunda, Zsa-Zsa Padilla-Quizon, Gary Valenciano, Sarah Geronimo, Maricel Soriano) (launched during “Pinoy Dream Academy” Finale)
  • June 12, 2011-June 12, 2013 (aired on ABS-CBN and Studio 23) The 2nd Version features in the video, and then ABS-CBN Broadcasting Corporation President and Chief Executive Officer and “Maalaala Mo Kaya” TV Program Host Charo Santos-Concio says at the start of the video: “Mga Kapamilya, ang Pambansang Awit ng Pilipinas.”
  • April 9, 2013-present (aired on GMA-7 and GMA News TV-11): The 2013 version pays tribute to the heroes of today by drawing inspiration from the heroes of yesteryear’s. It opens with an artist sketching a portrait of Lapu-Lapu, which seamlessly transforms into a colorful animation of the events that shaped Philippine history from the Battle of Mactan, which saw the defeat of the Spanish conquistadors in the hands of the natives, to the Cry of Pugad Lawin and the one portrayed by a firefighter who braves the raging flames of a burning building in order to save an infant. The opening transcript voiced by GMA Network, Inc. President Jimmy Duavit: “Ang tugong gumuhit ng ating kasaysayan ng ating pagkatao ng ating lahi ay ang tugo ng kabayanihan. Mula sa mga bakas na iniwan ng ating mga ninuno, ating ipinagpapatuloy ang kanilang nasimulan sa mga paraan hinihingi ng anumang panahon. Taglay ang ipinamanang kagitingan at inspirasyon, dahil ang apoy nasumiklab ilang siglo na ang nakalilipas ay nabubuhay pa rin sa atin. Magpa-hanggang ngayon. Mga kababayan, ang Pambansang Awit ng Pilipinas.” The main music of the national anthem begins as the heroes of the past are juxtaposed with modern heroes like a teacher who walks several miles to school daily to educate her pupils, a farmer who dutifully toils the land under the scorching heat of the sun to fend for his family, a traffic enforcer who continues to do his job despite being soaked in heavy rains, a doctor who compassionately attends to the medical needs of those in the barrios, overseas workers who endure being away from their loved ones in the hope of giving them a better future, an athlete who brings pride to his country, and the martyrdom of our national hero, Jose Rizal at the end, GMA Network Center Facade and SM Mall of Asia Facade at the end of GMA National Anthem 2013. While at the end is the Kapuso Tune and the GMA Network Logo.
  • June 12, 2012-present (produced by RockEd Philippines and National Historical Commission of the Philippines, performed by RadioActive Sago Project, directed by Arnold Arre) National Anthem Music Video in widescreen 16:9 1920 pixels × 1080 lines (2.1 megapixels), and a temporal resolution of 60 interlaced fields Full High-Definition Digital Video Technology.
  • June 12, 2013-present (aired on ABS-CBN-2 and Studio 23, later ABS-CBN Sports+Action Channel 23)
  • June 12, 2013-present (aired on IBC-13, produced by Presidential Communications Development Strategic Planning Office) IBC-13’s Philippine National Anthem features: the blue background shows the coat of arms of the Philippines and “Ang Pambansang Awit ng Pilipinas: Lupang Hinirang” in white Gotham Black letters, after the drumroll, GMA President Jimmy Duavit says: “Mga Kababayan, Ang Pambansang Awit ng Pilipinas” and the sung by Philippine Madrigal Singers… The tempo is how it should be sung and played as it was originally composed in the March tradition.
  • June 12, 2014-present (produced by VIVA Entertainment, Inc.)
Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s